Foam Resources

Following are lists of references organized generally by topic.  Please note that my articles and papers are listed with HCF as the author.

Topic Groups

  1. Foam – Applications
  2. Foam – Basics
  3. Foam – Blowing agents
  4. Foam – Codes & Documents
  5. Foam – Design
  6. Foam – Equipment & QA
  7. Foam – Installer Training
  8. Foam – Physical properties
  9. Foam Safety – Fire Protection
    1. Foam Safety – General
    2. Foam Safety – Personal protection, chemicals
    3. Foam Safety – Site protection
    4. Reference organizations list
    5. Case studies list

Resources and References

1.  Foam – Applications

  • The Use of Polyurethane Foam Technology in Historic Renovation & Remediation Work; Presented at: Materials & Media 1 – Restoration and Renovation Conference. National Trust for Historic Preservation, AIA/CES. (HCF).
  • Foam installations for mass-masonry or masonry-clad structures; Presented at: Building America experts conference, BEST 3 Conference, Atlanta, GA. (Proceeds HCF). 2009.
  • Masonry applications for polyurethane foam (HCF).
  • Polyurethane foam thermal envelope system applicable to an “inside-out” brick cavity wall remediation project; 2007 (HCF).

Foam & Passivhaus

  • Spray Polyurethane Foam: Benefits for Passive Houses; ACC Center for the Polyurethanes Industry. 2012.

2.  Foam – Basics

  • 2008 End Use Market Survey on the Polyurethanes Industry in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico, ACC Center for the Polyurethanes Industry, 2009.
  • A CUFCA case history of polyurethane foam insulation systems. Canadian Urethane Foam Contractors Association Inc.
  • All Rigid Urethane Insulations Are Created Equal…or Are They? Toby Nadel. 1982.
  • Ant Remedies, Kricket Smith-Gary.
  • Bugs in Foam, Energy Design Update. 1993.
  • Carpenter Ants and Foam-Core Panels, Journal of Light Construction. 1989.
  • Carpenter Ants: Their Biology and Control. Cooperative Extension-Washington State University, Winter Panel Corp.
  • Controlling Termites, Journal Light Construction.1997.
  • Infrared thermography as quality control for foamed-in-place insulation . Co-author – Presented at: Thermosense XI, International Symposium on Aerospace/Defense (SPIE); As Printed in SPIE Vol. 1094 Thermosense XI. 1989.
  • Introduction to Foamed-in-place Applications: Spray/injection training program and guide to other foam applications (HCF).
  • Polyurethane Foam FAQs (HCF).
  • Polyurethane Handbook – 2nd Edition. Gunter Oertel.
  • Polyurethanes – Types & Installation Considerations; (HCF white paper) 2007.
  • Quality Spray Foam for Builders; Journal of Light Construction. (HCF) 2012.
  • Spray Applied Polyurethane Foam Perimeter Insulation and Air Filtration Seal, The Society of the Plastics Industry, Inc.
  • Spray Polyurethane Foam for Building Envelope Insulation and Air Seal, The Society of the Plastics Industry, Inc. 1991.
  • Spray Polyurethane foam for building envelope insulation; SPI. 1991.
  • Spray Polyurethane Foam in External Envelopes of Buildings; Lstiburek, Bomberg. 1998.
  • Spray Polyurethane Foam Systems for Cold Storage Facilities, Polyurethane Foam Contractors.
  • Sprayed Polyurethane Foam Insulation in Cold Storage Construction, Pazia, Arthur – Construction Canada.
  • Sprayed Urethane Foam and Fire Safety, Urethane Foam Contractors Assoc.
  • Spray-on Insulation Benefits, McClain, Dennis.

3.  Foam – Blowing agents

  • A Zero O.D.P. Option for Rigid Polyurethane Foam, Rosbotham & Deschaght.
  • CFC – Free Foam Insulation, EBN vol. 4 #1.
  • Declare War on Chloroflourocarbons, Flexible Products.
  • Final Labeling Requirements Released by EPA, Alliance for Responsible CFC Policy – CFC Alliance Bulletin. 1993.
  • Flexible Focuses R&D on Non-CFC Technology, Flexible Products Company. 1991.
  • Freon as a Blowing Agent (HCF).
  • Gases, Vermont Agency of Natural Resources.
  • Hydrocarbon Blown Foams for U.S. Construction Applications, Nikola, William.  Manville Sheathing is First Victim of CFC Ban, Energy Design Update. 1992.
  • Meeting with EPA and DOE Re: Blowing Agents, Sparks, Tom – SPFD News.
  • Ozone Friendly Cooling, Popular Science. 1990.
  • Ozone Savers, Popular Science. 1988.
  • Provisions of Vermont Statutes Annotated Relating to the Control and Elimination of Ozone Depleting Gases, Vermont Agency of Natural Resources.
  • Refrigerator Makers Face CFC Dilemma, Alex Wilson – Custom Builder.
  • Restrict CFCs In Production But Don’t Regulate Their Use, Hallett, Frederick – Eastern Foam Systems.
  • Restrict CFCs In Production But Don’t Regulate Their Use, Hallett, Frederick – Eastern Foam Systems.
  • Stratospheric Ozone: Protection, The Federal Register – EPA.
  • Stratospheric Ozone: The Problem, Sen. Chafee – EPA Journal.
  • Sun, Not Chemicals Linked to Disappearance of Ozone, Associated Press.
  • The Importance of Chloroflourocarbons and Polyurethane Foam, The Society of Plastics.
  • Update on the CFC Issue, Cockrell – Society of Plastics.
  • Vermont Act 266 – Regulating the Use of Ozone Depleting Chemicals, General Assembly – State of Vermont.
  • What Do Freon Labels Mean? (HCF)

4.  Foam – Codes & Documents                   

  • Act 250 and the Energy Code, Energy Code Assistance Update.
  • Code Compliance Responsibility Study – DRAFT; 2012 (HCF)
  • Foam and the Codes Citations Matrix; 2012 (HCF)
  • Thermal Barriers for the Spray Polyurethane Foam Industry, Polyurethane Foam Contractors Division, SPI.
  • International Building Code; 2012
  • International Energy Conservation Code; 2012
  • International Residential Code; 2012
  • PSI Code Approvals Document.
  • Submittals Checklist Forms; 2012 (HCF).
  • The BOCA National Building Code. 1990.
  • Vermont Residential Energy Building Standard.
  • Vermont Residential Energy Code Handbook, Edition E-1.0. March 1998. pp. 54-55
  • Vermont to Require Mechanical Ventilation in All New Homes (EDU)

5.  Foam – Design                                                            

  • Air Barrier Details (CMHC SCHL – Research Highlights Newsletter)
  • Air Barrier Systems in Buildings, National Institute of Building Sciences, Wagdy Anis, AIA. 2006
  • Air Leakage Characteristics, Test Methods and Specifications for Large Buildings by Proskiw, G. and Phillips, B.—Prepared for Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, 2001.
  • ASHRAE Mulls Continuous Air Barriers, Yoders, Jeff.  Building Design and Construction, 2006.
  • Criteria for Qualifying Foam Products (HCF).Designing an Air Barrier Specification; (HCF white paper) 2005.
  • Energy Performance Comparisons for Six Wall Types -20’ X 30’ Model Building. (HCF).
  • Energy Performance of LEED® for New Construction Buildings, FINAL REPORT, New Buildings Institute. 2008.
  • Exterior Spray Foam? Patrick Dundon. The Journal of Light Construction.
  • Low-Cost High-Performance Buildings. Energy Design Update (HCF).
  • Performance Criteria for Air Barriers – Construction Canada Magazine. Bailey, David W. P. Eng. & Hildebrand, Greg A. P.
  • Plastics for Architects and Builders, Albert G.H. Dietz.
  • Profiting from Quality: Building for Comfort, Efficiency and Value. Vermont Energy Star Homes Building Conference.
  • Proprietary vs. performance specifications. (HCF white paper) 2011.
  • SECTION 07210; Sample Spray-applied Polyurethane Foam Specification (HCF).
  • SECTION 07211; Sample Injected Polyurethane Foam Specification (HCF).
  • SECTION 07220; Sample Air Barrier Specification (HCF).
  • The Cost Reduction Protocol (CRP) for High-Performance Building Envelopes (HCF).
  • The Passive Solar Energy Book. Mazria, Edward. 1979.
  • Thermal Envelope Performance Design Review Process for New Construction. (HCF white paper) 2004.

6.  Foam – Equipment & QA

  • Process and Quality Control Procedures for FOAM-TECH H-P Equipment (HCF).
  • Spray/injection training program and guide to other foam applications (HCF).
  • Pressure Drop Curves for Ross Motionless Mixers under Various Flow Conditions Charles Ross & Son Company.

7.  Foam – Installer Training             

  • ABAA Quality Assurance Program. ABAA, PSDI.
  • Air quality management plan for hazardous work zones which may influence occupied spaces; 2006 (HCF).
  • BES Project Management Manual.
  • BES Standard Operating Procedures Manual.
  • BPI Building Analyst Training Manual.
  • Builder’s Guide. Building Science Corp. 1998.
  • Cut Your Energy Bills Now. Harley, Bruce.
  • Foam Installer Written Safety Plan (HCF).
  • Hose Heat Control Systems for PUF, Henri, Fennell.
  • Instant Insulation Estimates, Bodzin, Steven – Home Energy.
  • Insulate and Weatherize. Harley, Bruce.
  • Klean King Power-Vac Systems     Wm. W. Meyer & Sons, Inc.
  • Model FF Proportioner, Blue Ridge Equipment Sales.
  • NHERS Manual.
  • Northeast Weatherization Field Guide; B55.DOE, WAP.
  • Procedure in Case of Spill, Canadian Urethane Foam Contractors Association Inc.
  • Process and Quality Control Procedures for Foamed-in-place Equipment, Fennell, Henri.
  • Residential Energy. Krigger, Dorsi.
  • Sample Foam Installation Contract
  • Shooting Foam for the best quality and smoothest appearance. Colt, Pat.
  • The Problem with Competitive Bid, S.S. Saucerman – Construction Dimensions.
  • WAP Technical Manual
  • What Every Installer Should Know about the Thermal Resistance of SPF, Bomberg, Mark – Spray news – PFCD News. 1995.

8.  Foam – Physical properties

  • Energy Star R-Value Chart. The Society of the Plastics Industry.
  • Evaluation of Long-Term Thermal Resistance of Gas-Filled Foams: State of the Art, Bomberg & Brandeth, PSI R-Value Study.
  • Foam Insulation Aging: Historical Perspective and Outstanding Problems, PSI R-Value Study-Spray Foam 1993.
  • Foam Racking Study, Society of the Plastics Industry, Inc.
  • Foam-Core Panel Versus Stud-Frame Construction: Side by side test results, Energy Design Update. 1993.
  • Independent Findings on Aging of Sprayed Polyurethane Foam Insulation and Protective Surfaces, Society of Plastics Industry, Inc.
  • Let’s Get Rid of R-Values, Patrick Dundon – Energy Design Update.
  • Long-Term R-Values and Thermal Testing Requirements for Rigid Insulating Foams, Hagan & Miller –  Spray Foam ’93.
  • Long-Term R-Values and Thermal Testing Requirements for Rigid Insulating Foams. Hagan & Miller.
  • Physical Properties & Typical Values.  Reef Industries, Inc.
  • Properties of Rigid Urethane Foams, Dupont.
  • R-Value Drift and Thermal Performance – Theory (DOE/HCF white paper) 2003.
  • R-Value Study of Rigid Polyurethane Foam – An SPI Research Project, Baumann – Mobay Chemical Corporation.
  • System R-Values – Data for Insulation Including the Framing (HCF).
  • Technical Assessment of Foam-in-Place Cellular Plastics for Building Envelope Applications, PSI R-Value Study – Spray Foam ’93.
  • Technical Issues in Evaluation of Long-Term Thermal Performance of Cellular Plastic Thermal Insulation, Mark Bomberg – Canadian Polyurethane Conference.
  • The Physical Properties of Insulation Systems (HCF).
  • Thermal Conductivity of Rigid Urethane Foam in Low Temperature Service, PSI R-Value Study – Spray Foam ’93.
  • Thermal Performance of Urethane Foams (HCF).

9.  Foam Safety – Fire protection

  • Acceptance Criteria For Spray-Applied Foam Plastic Insulation (AC377); 2011 –
  • Building Code Requirements for SPF Fire Safety – Safety First section of Spray Foam Magazine. John Stahl. 2010.
  • Coatings and Codes, Jarboe, Rodney – Walls and Ceilings. 1999.
  • Comparison Study of the Toxicity of Combustion Products of Thermolin RF-230 Urethane vs. isocyanurate, Olin Chemicals.
  • Denny Flame Guard – Specifications, Denny.
  • Fire Devours Families’ Homes, Geggis, Anne – Burlington Free Press.
  • Fire Performance of Combustible Insulation , Mehaffey – National Research Council Canada.
  • Fire Protection Board, Construction Dimensions.
  • Fire Safety Guidelines for rigid polyurethane or polyisocyanurate foam, The Society of Plastics Industry, Inc.
  • Fire Safety Guidelines for Use of Rigid Polyurethane Foam Insulation in Building Construction- Urethane Division, Society of Plastics.
  • Fire Safety Guidelines for Use of Rigid Polyurethane Foam Insulation in Building Construction, Urethane Division Society of Plastics.
  • Fire Study of Rigid Cellular Plastic Materials for Wall and Roof Ceiling Insulation, Society of Plastics Industry, Inc.
  • Fireproofing: A Dirty, Messy and Thankful Job. Michael J. Major, Construction Dimensions.
  • Large-Scale Corner Wall Fire Tests of Spray-on Coatings over Rigid Urethane Foam, Society of Plastics Industry, Inc.
  • Monokote Type Z 3306 Thermal Barrier, Grace Concrete Products.
  • NFPA Fire Code; 2012.
  • Room-Scale Compartment Corner Tests of Spray-on Coatings over Rigid Polyurethane Foam Insulation. Society of Plastics Industry, Inc.
  • Spray Equipment and Mixers, Construction Dimension.
  • Spray Fireproofers Have Their Say, Steven Ferry – Construction Dimensions.
  • Sprayed Urethane Foam and Fire Safety. Urethane Foam Contractors Association position statement.
  • Thermal and Ignition Barriers for Polyurethane Foam – Materials. (HCF) 2003.
  • Thermal and Ignition Barriers for Polyurethane Foam – Theory. (HCF) 2003.
  • Thermal Barriers and Ignition Barriers for the Spray Polyurethane Foam Industry – SPFA AY-126 Thermal Barriers for SPF. 2011.
  • Thermal Barriers for the Spray Polyurethane Foam Industry.  Polyurethane Foam Contractors Division, The Society of the Plastics Industry, Inc.
  • Toxicity of Combustion Products of Thermolin urethane foam vs. Isocyanate Foam and Wood, Olin Chemicals.
  • Toxicologic Classification of Thermal Decomposition products of Synthetic and Natural Polymers, Alarie, Yves & Anderson, Rosalind C. – Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 57, 1981.

10.  Foam Safety – General

  • Disposal of used spray polyurethane foam drums; Safety First section of Spray Foam Magazine, 2009.
  • Technical Services Department Bulletin No. 95 – Thermal Effects of Type NM-B Cable Encased in Spray-Foam Insulation Used in Residences – NEMA, 2006.
  • Toxicology of Urea Formaldehyde and Polyurethane Foam Insulation. John C. Harris, MD; Barry H. Rumack, MD; Franklin D. Aldrich, MD, PhD, As printed in the Journal of The American Medical Association, Jan. 16, 1981, Vol. 245, No. 3
  • Toxins In Insulation in a Fire.  Department of Industrial Environmental Health Sciences, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, PA, 1981.

11.  Foam Safety – Personal protection, chemicals                

  • Air Monitoring Investigation – SPF Installation in Residential Structures. Brian F. Karlovich, CIH, CSP – Bayer Material Science LLC. 2009.
  • Airborne Methylene Diphenyl Diisocyanate (MDI) Concentrations Associated with the Application of Polyurethane Spray Foam in Residential Construction. Lesage, Jacques et al. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene. 2007.
  • Assessing isocyanate exposures in polyurethane industry sectors using biological and air monitoring methods. Creely KS, Hughson GW, Cocker J, Jones K. Ann Occup Hyg. 2006.
  • Biological monitoring of exposure to 1, 5-naphthalene diisocyanate and 4,4′-methylenediphenyl diisocyanate. Sennbro CJ, Lindh CH, Mattsson C, Jonsson BA, Tinnerberg H.  Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2006.
  • Biological monitoring of workers exposed to 4, 4′-methylenediphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) in 19 French polyurethane industries. Robert A, Ducos P, Francin JM, Marsan P. Int Arch Occup. Environ. Health. 2007.
  • CC20 Series Supplied-Air Respirator Instruction Manual, E. D. Bullard Company.
  • CPSC Chronic Hazard Guidelines: – CPSC Website:
  • Cross-sectional study of auto body workers exposed to diisocyanates: Does dermal exposure contribute to sensitization? Stowe MH, Liu Y, Wisnewski AV et al.  Proc Am Thor Soc. 2006.
  • Determination of isocyanate biomarkers in construction site workers. Sabbioni, G., Wesp, H., Lewalter, J., Rumler, R. Biomarkers. 2007.
  • Diisocyanate conjugate and immunoassay characteristics influence detection of specific antibodies in HDI-exposed workers. Campo P, Wisnewski AV, Lummus Z et al.  Clinical and Experimental Allergy. 2007.
  • Epidemic of asthma in a wood products plant using methylene diphenyl diisocyanate. RC Woellner, Hall S, Greaves I, Schoenwetter W.F. American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 1997.
  • Excerpt from “Toxicology of Urea Formaldehyde and Polyurethane Foam Insulation.” John C. Harris, MD; Barry H. Rumack, MD; Franklin D. Aldrich, MD, PhD. As printed in the Journal of The American Medical Association. 1981.
  • FAM-B Free-Air Half-Mask Supplied-Air Respirator Instruction Manual. E D Bullard Company.
  • Foam Related Chemical Exposure Test, Olin Chemical Company.
  • Guidelines for the prevention, identification and management of occupational asthma: Evidence review & recommendations [2004].  British Occupational Health Research Foundation.  External link:
  • Guidelines for the Responsible Disposal of Wastes and Containers from Polyurethane Processing (Technical Bulletin AX151).  Alliance for the Polyurethanes Industry (API) 2002.  Arlington, VA: American Chemistry Council (ACC).
  • Health Effects of Isocyanates. Redlich CA, Bello D, Wisnewski AV.  In: Rom WN (ed.) Environmental and Occupational Medicine. 2007.
  • International Consensus Report on Isocyanates – Risk assessment and management, 2001.
  • Isocyanate Exposure Study, The International Isocyanate Institute.
  • Lung/skin connections in occupational lung disease. Redlich CA, Herrick CA.  Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2008.
  • Model 1482 Personal Respiratory Protection Equipment, HSC Corporation – Goodrich Safety Supply Co., Inc.
  • NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards ;
  • PA-80 Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus , National Draeger, Inc.
  • Personal Protective Equipment Catalog, Pulmosan Safety Equipment Corp., Industrial Supplies of Worcester, Inc.
  • PMDI User Guidelines for Chemical Protective Clothing Selection (Technical Bulletin AX178).  Alliance for the Polyurethanes Industry (API) 2001. Arlington, VA: American Plastics Council.
  • Polyisocyanates and their prepolymers. Wisnewski AV, Redlich CA, Mapp CE, Bernstein DI.  In: Bernstein LI, Chan-Yeung M, Malo J-L, Bernstein DI (eds.) Asthma in the Workplace, London: Taylor & Francis. 2006.
  • Precautions for the Proper Usage of Polyurethanes, Polyisocyanurates and Related Materials. Upjohn Chemical Division Technical Bulletin 107.
  • Preventing Asthma and Death from Diisocyanate Exposure, NIOSH ALERT, DHHS Publication No. 96-111. –
  • Preventing Asthma and Death from MDI Exposure During Spray-on Truck-bed Liner and Related Applications. NIOSH. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2006-149.
  • Pulmonary and immunologic evaluation of foundry workers exposed to methylene diphenyldiisocyanate. (MDI). Liss GM, Bernstein DI, Moller DR, Gallagher JS, Stephenson RL, Bernstein IL. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1988.
  • R5099 Airline Air-Supplied Respirator American Optical Safety Products
  • Skin exposure to aliphatic polyisocyanates in the auto body repair and refinishing industry: II. A quantitative assessment. Bello D, Redlich CA, Stowe MH et al. Ann Occupational Hygenicist. 2008.
  • Skin exposure to isocyanates: reasons for concern. Bello D, Herrick CA, Smith TJ et al.  Environ Health Perspect. 2007.
  • TDI User Guidelines for Chemical Protective Clothing Selection (Technical Bulletin AX179).  Alliance for the Polyurethanes Industry (API) 2001.  Arlington, VA: American Plastics Council.
  • Type C Continuous Flow Supplied Air Respirator Operating Instructions. Pulmosan Safety Equipment Corp.
  • Upper reference limits for biomarkers of exposure to aromatic diisocyanates. Sennbro, C. J., Littorin, M., Tinnerberg, H., Jonsson BA. Int. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health. 2005.
  • Working With MDI and Polymeric MDI: What You Should Know (Technical Bulletins AX205-English, AX215-Spanish, AX218-Portuguese, AX220-French). Alliance for the Polyurethanes Industry (API) 2001.  Arlington, VA: American Plastics Council.
  • Working With TDI: What You Should Know (Technical Bulletins AX202-English, AX216-Spanish, AX217- Portuguese, AX219-French). Alliance for the Polyurethanes Industry (API) 2001.  Arlington, VA: American Plastics Council.
  • Work-Related Lung Disease Surveillance Report. NIOSH.  1994. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) 1999.

12.  Foam Safety – Site protection              

  • A NIOSH report on JD Long School:
  • Air Quality Management Plan (HCF)
  • SPF Health & Safety Information for homeowners, builders & installers, Installer Training & Test; ACC Spray Polyurethane Foam Product Stewardship Guide; SPFA & ACC, 2009.
  • Spray Polyurethane Foam Product Stewardship Workbook; SPFA & ACC, 2009.
  • What You Should Know About Fire-Rated Recessed Fixtures; – copyright Doctorow Communications, Inc., 2007.

13.  Reference Organizations                       

  • The American Chemistry Council (ACC)
    • The Center for the Polyurethanes Industry (CPI)
      • Spray Polyurethane Foam Association (SPFA);
      • The Spray Foam Coalition (SFC)
      • Occupational Safety and Health Assoc. (OSHA)
      • The Center for Disease Control (CDC)
        • NIOSH
        • –
        • 1-800-CDC-INFO
      • The US Environmental Protection Agency
        • EPA
        • EPA Isocyanate Profile:
        • EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) for MDI and pMDI can be found at

26.  Case Studies                   

  • Allen Memorial (Oberlin, OH)
  • American Ski – 4 Grand Hotels (Killington and Dover VT., Twin Mountain, NH; Bethel, ME)
  • ARRO 1 & 2 (Antarctica)
  • AVA Gallery  (Lebanon, NH)
  • Beacon Capital (Boston,  MA)
  • Bombardier Office Building (Essex, VT)
  • Case Study on Basement Renovations (Canada Mortgage and Housing Corp.)
  • Champlain Valley Union High School Case Study (Burlington, VT)
  • Currier Museum & Art Gallery (Manchester, NH)
  • E-Vermont (Burlington, VT; Portland, ME)
  • Hollywood International Airport (Fort Lauderdale, FL)
  • Kendal at Hanover (Hanover, NH)
  • Kennett High School (Gorham, NH)
  • Londonderry High School (Londonderry, NH)
  • Merrimack Valley High School (Merrimack, NH)
  • Mount Washington Place (Twin Mountain, NH)
  • NH Historical Society (Concord, NH)
  • Park Avenue Armory (New York, NY)
  • Proctor Academy – Academy Center (Andover, NH)
  • Proctor Academy – Maxwell Savage (Andover, NH)
  • Richmond Middle School (Hanover, NH)
  • Rivendell School District (Orford, NH)
  • Roswell Flower Library (Syracuse, NY)
  • S. Londonderry Elementary School (S. Londonderry, NH)
  • Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum & Art Gallery (New York, NY)
  • TECH-FORMS prototype structure (N. Thetford, VT)
  • The Big Dig (Boston, MA)
  • Vermont History Center (Barre, VT)
  • Vermont Law School’s Oakes Hall: Green building on a Budget, Malin, Nadav. Environmental Building News. (Sharon, VT)
  • Wings Market (Fairlee, VT)